Big Les

My rhetoric is my rampart!

    Dear Bishop(s)

    September 5th, 2020

    “The sacred liturgy is,…, the public worship which our Redeemer as Head of the Church renders to the Father, as well as the worship which the community of the faithful renders to its Founder, and through Him to the heavenly Father. It is, in short, the worship rendered by the Mystical Body of Christ in the entirety of its Head and members.” Pope Pius XII wrote this in his encyclical Mediator Dei after quoting our Lord, “Where there are two or three gathered together in My Name, there am I in the midst of them.” He fulfills His promise in the Eucharist.
    Implicit to this teaching and confirmed in Sacrosanctum Concilium, proper worship is intended to be both public and communal, but in an effort to protect our most vulnerable Masses were closed to the public. Consequently, the faithful were denied access to the celebration of the sacred liturgy and were told their obligation to attend had been dispensed. They were assured Masses would still be said, and they could unite their prayers in the Morning Offering and pray the Spiritual Communion in lieu of receiving Holy Communion.
    The prudential judgement exercised in making the decision to close Masses, the justification provided and the subsequent counsel given to the faithful are riddled with logical fallacies and defy reason. Of greater import is the grave wrong committed and the injustice the faithful were made to suffer.
    Precautionary measures taken with the reopening of Masses provide those who might be more vulnerable the opportunity to worship separately. This is not an unreasonable response to public health concerns, and similar measures could have been easily implemented at the onset. As always, when a real danger is perceived those seen as more susceptible to contagion have always been encouraged to exercise extreme caution, but it is a false dichotomy to assert we either close Mass (and distance ourselves) or risk infecting our loved ones.
    It is also an appeal to emotion to allege that by our gathering to celebrate the liturgy we fail to protect our most vulnerable. This fallacy misrepresents the Church’s teaching on charity and contravenes the nature of the liturgy which literally means work of the people. In New Testament usage it is used to refer to the Church’s proclamation of the Gospel and to active charity (CCC 1070). This active, public service is not distant or remote but intimate and engaging, and it is realized in the assembly.
    In prohibiting the assembly access to the sacraments was denied, specifically the Eucharist. The faithful are advised to receive Holy Communion regularly (being properly disposed), but to say we may pray the spiritual communion instead is to equivocate inasmuch as it intimates doing so is a viable substitute for participating in the sacrifice of the Eucharist which is the whole point of attending Mass. The difference between the two (sacrament and sacrifice) is very great.
    The Church’s liturgy is our worship of God. Since God is due our worship, it is a matter of justice that we do so. St. Thomas Aquinas annexed religion to the virtue of justice, and religion properly orders our worship in the celebration of the sacraments. Because it is both right and just to worship God, it is not only a matter of justice that the faithful be allowed to practice their religion, it is a right of the faithful to actively participate in the sacred liturgy.
    Moreover, it is also our obligation (CCC 1141), yet the faithful were told that our obligation to attend Mass had been dispensed. This is a category mistake as attendance is not a matter of canonical obligation but one of moral obligation. Our worship is required by natural law and not merely by canon law. The Church, by the authority given Her by Christ, articulates the days on which we worship, and She promulgates our obligation to worship, but She does not legislate this obligation in canon law. God does in the natural law, and the Church calls the faithful to obey this divine precept in Her guarding of the faith. Since “the entire liturgy … has the Catholic faith for its content” and “it bears public witness to the faith of the Church” (MD 48) the Church’s duty is to ensure the faithful comply.
    Canon law (containing both divine and human laws) must not discord with natural law which imposes upon us this obligation. It is not optional or conditional. Natural law cannot be abrogated, and it mustn’t be obfuscated, and the dispensing of canon law must not be an impediment to the natural law. That is to say, when canonical action is taken to bring about an end by licit means, if that means conflicts with natural law, it is unjust.
    Committing an injustice unwittingly makes one invincibly ignorant, but if the act itself is a grave matter, one may still be culpable. The culpability of the bishops in closing Masses to the public cannot be excused, even by the principle of double effect because the action taken constitutes a privation. In an effort to comply with restrictions on gatherings the assembly was prohibited, yet the very nature of the liturgy demands we gather. “Liturgical services are not private functions but are celebrations of the Church…”, and “rites meant to be celebrated in common with the faithful present and actively participating should … be celebrated in that way.” (SC 27, 28)
    On the contrary, to allow public celebrations amid a public health crisis is protected by the principle of double effect inasmuch as it does not intend to bring about illness or death. By complying with the divine precept to worship God, it goes beyond the mere extraordinary that quite often is seen as the cause of the moral dilemma as in the case of removing life support at the end of one’s life.
    Following the guidelines set out by our civil leaders is important as it generally contributes to the civil order, and the citizenry, comprising the political community, has an obligation to comply with the public authority acting in the best interests of the common good. However, because both the community and the authority are based on human nature and hence belong to an order of things preordained by God, both are bound by natural law. Unjust laws do not oblige, and unjust authorities do not deserve obedience. As such our compliance is required only to the extent that guidelines work toward the common good and do not undermine it in any way. To prohibit gatherings (as it relates to the assembly) runs against the common good as it prevents proper worship.
    These problems and false dilemmas may be complex, but we must stay true to basic principles and embrace reason. To obey reason is a moral imperative, and to worship God is a moral obligation. There were no valid reasons to close Mass, and the decision to do so was arguably arbitrary and dangerously close to immoral. Good intentions are not enough particularly when basic rights of groups and individuals are subjected to the collective. It is a basic right of the faithful to worship God, and the denial of our participation in the public worship of the Church was unjust. Please correct me if I have erred in my judgment.

    Calling the Shots

    August 30th, 2013

    The viability of military action in Syria and the credibility of McCain aside, the President as Commander in Chief has supreme authority over the US military and requires no authorization to employ the armed forces at his command.
    The balance of power does not lie in any illusion of Congressional authority or War Powers Resolution, but in the power of Congress to cut off funding.
    Congressional power to “declare war” refers more to a total war effort of the nation as a whole and not to all military action. We see evidence of this all throughout US history. There’s been military conflicts initiated by Presidents and funded by Congress since the late 18th century, just 11 years after the ratification of the Constitution. See “The XYZ Affair and the Quasi-War with France, 1798-1800”.
    This is all rather academic and does not make the prospect of war any more appealing, but I find it disconcerting when folks incorrectly invoke the Constitution selectively or ignorantly.

    « Previous PageNext Page »
    Powered by WordPress Design by Armas